Most Expected Spotting Errors for All
Govt.job Exams 2019 [Series Part 1]
[Most Useful for SSC CGL, SSC CPO, SSC STENO and All
Other SSC, Banking and Govt. Job Exams]
With Answers and Detailed Explanation
In this series, I have compiled and explained Most Expected and
Most Recurring Spotting Error Questions for various competitive
and govt.job exams such as Bank PO, SSC, NDA, CDS, MAT, CAT etc.
The format that I have followed in this series is -
‘Sample Incorrect Sentence’ written in RED, 'explanation' written
in BLACK and finally the 'correct sentence' written in GREEN.
Hopefully, you will not only like it but also find it useful for your
exam preparation and overall English improvement.
Here we go…
1. The General Manager went there with a view to examine the whole procedure.
Explanation – ‘with a view to’ and ‘look forward to’ are prepositional phrases and are followed by ‘V+ ing’ form of the Verb.
1. The General Manager went there with a view to examining the whole procedure.
2. He, I, she and they passed the exam in the first attempt.
Explanation – The correct order of writing multiple pronouns is –
2nd person, 3rd person and then 1st person.
This is also known as the ‘Pronoun Rule of 231’. In the given sentence, 2nd person is not given. So, we have to take only 3rd person and 1st person into consideration.
2. He, she, they and I passed the exam in the first attempt.
3. Under no circumstance, I will accept his proposal.
Explanation – ‘Under no circumstances’ is a negative phrase. it has ‘No’ in it. So, here the ‘Rule of Inversion’ will apply because the sentence is starting with a negative phrase. So, in place of ‘I will’ we should write ‘will I’.
3. Under no circumstance will I accept his proposal.
4. Neither of the two students have paid the outstanding fee.
Explanation – ‘Neither of the’ is followed by a ‘Plural Noun’ and a ‘Singular Verb’. When we say ‘Neither of’, we mean that we are selecting ‘no one’ out of the ‘two’. So this ‘two’ indicates plurality but ‘neither’ is a singular term. it mean, neither the one, nor the other. It takes ‘one’ at a time.
4. Neither of the two students has paid the outstanding fee.
5. All the passengers on the ship were afraid but one of the crew members consoled them that there was nothing to fear.
Explanation – This is a classic one. Let’s understand!
‘Console’ means ‘to comfort someone at a time of grief and distress’ while ‘assure’ means ‘tell someone something positively to dispel any fear or doubt’.
We console people when something bad and distressful has already happened to people which is not the case here.
5. All the passengers on the ship were afraid but one of the crew members assured them that there was nothing to fear.
6. The employer asked me that how long I had been working in
Explanation – This is a case of ‘Reported Speech’ and in reported speech, Wh-words are considered the ‘Connecting Words’ and it is wrong to combine them with another connector ‘that’.
6. The employer asked me how long I had been working in
7. Flute recitation of Hari Prasad Chaurasia was so good that everyone in the auditorium clapped and clapped again.
Explanation - Recitation is oral; recital is musical.
A ‘recitation’ can be someone standing on a stage or in front
of a group reading a poem or some established work. Whereas,
‘Recital’ is a musical performance or a public concert given by a musician or a group of musicians such as a piano recital or a violin musical concert.
7. Flute recital of Hari Prasad Chaurasia was so good that everyone in the auditorium clapped and clapped again.
8. The principal made all the absentees to clean the whole school
as a punishment.
Explanation – Well done Principal! it was a very good ‘type’ of punishment. Just kidding!
The ‘Causative Verbs’ such as ‘Make’ and ‘Let’ are not followed by ‘To+V1’. Rather, they are followed by ‘Bare Infinitive’ i.e. Verb without ‘To’.
8. The principal made all the absentees clean the whole school
as a punishment
9. I am not telling that you should work hard like an Ass
to achieve your goal.
Explanation - ‘I am not telling’ but telling ‘whom’. This ‘whom’ should be answered by ‘some object’ in the form of a ‘Pronoun’ but ‘pronoun’ is missing here.
‘Tell’ is a ‘Transitive verb’ and needs an ‘object’ but ‘say’ does not require and object.
9. I am not saying that you should work hard like an ass to achieve your goal.
10. We all congratulated him for his success in the UPSC examination in the first attempt.
Explanation – As a convention, we ‘congratulate’ or ‘compliment’ somebody ON something and not FOR something.
10. We all congratulated him on his success in the UPSC examination in the first attempt.
11. My father likes to travel by the road because it is less expensive.
Explanation – My father does not like to travel by ‘a particular road’. It can be any road. So, the correct phrase is ‘by road’, ‘by air’, ‘by train’ etc.
11. My father likes to travel by road because it is less expensive.
12. My brother was beside himself in excitement when he came to know that he had cleared the Bank PO Exam.
Explanation - If you are ‘beside yourself’, you are almost out of your senses from strong and intense emotion of grief, joy, excitement, rage delight, fear, anger etc. This idiomatic expression ‘beside oneself’ is followed by ‘with’.
12. My brother was beside himself with excitement when he came to know that he had cleared the Bank PO Exam.
13. The CEO as well as his two General Managers were expected
to visit the new office in Delhi on Tuesday.
Explanation – When you say ‘a’ as well ‘b’, it means not only ‘b’ also ‘a’. So, you are emphasizing ‘a’ that is ‘the first subject’. So, whenever two subjects of different number are combined with ‘as well as’, the ‘verb’ is written according to the first subject.
13. The CEO as well as his two General Managers was expected to visit the new office in Delhi on Tuesday.
14. The new speaker on the stage seemed to lack confidence as he was not only slow but also inaudible as well.
Explanation – ‘also’ and ‘as well’ both indicate the same idea of something else in addition to something. So, ‘as well’ is extra or superfluous or needless or redundant here.
14. The new speaker on the stage seemed to lack confidence as he was not only slow but also inaudible.
15. There is a strong possibility that she will quit her high paying job once the investigation will be over.
Explanation – When we mention two future activities in a single sentence, one of the two sentences is written in ‘present simple tense’ The sentence starting with ‘once’, ‘if’, ‘when’, ‘till’, ‘until’, ‘unless’, ‘while’, is written in simple tense.
15. There is a strong possibility that she will quit her high paying job once the investigation is over.
16. Many a man believe that God is omnipresent.
Explanation – The phrase ‘many a’ takes a singular noun and
a singular verb.
16. Many a man believes that God is omnipresent.
17. When I saw that design I knew it was exactly what I had
looked for in the market.
Explanation – You saw a particular design and found it up to your expectation. It means that the ‘searching’ of your design was going on for some time and it was ‘continuously’ happening before you found a design.
So, it is a case of continuous tense happening in the past
17. When I saw that design I knew it was exactly what I had been looking for in the market.
18. I reassured to my father that I had no plan to get married
for the next two years.
Explanation – Whom did you reassure. Well, ‘your father’
And not ‘to your father’.
18. I reassured my father that I had no plan to get married
for the next two years.
19. I promise I will call you as soon as I will get home.
Explanation – It is a case of two future activities. Write one of
them in a simple tense.
Which one to be written in simple tense?
Well, the one that starts with ‘as soon as’.
19. I promise I will call you as soon as I get home.
20. I promise I will call you as soon as I get to home.
Explanation – ‘Home’ is not a physical structure but a group of family members. Your family actually changes a house into a home. 'Home' here is not a ‘noun’ but an ‘adverb’ and correctly modifies the verb ‘go’.
20. I promise I will call you as soon as I get home.
one more sentence of 'home'...
20. I promise I will call you as soon as I get to my home.
This sentence is correct.
Because here, you have changed 'home' into a 'noun' by adding a determiner ‘my’. So, it is a noun here.
See the preposition ‘to’.
Prepositions are always followed by a noun or a pronoun.
That's it in the series part 1!
I will see you in the next part.
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