Call - 79 99 40 7074 | WhatsApp - 98 93 71 9933
basantsinghal2210@gmail.com
IMG-LOGO
IMG-BLOG

Most Expected Spotting Errors for All Govt.job Exams 2019 [Series Part 4]

By Basant Singhal|Spotting Error Best Questions | 11 Jan 2019

Most Expected Spotting Errors for All

Govt.job Exams 2019 [Series Part 4]

 

[Most Useful for SSC CGL, SSC CPO, SSC STENO and All

Other SSC, Banking and Govt. Job Exams]

 

With Answers and Detailed Explanation

 

Hi Friends,

In this series part 4, I have compiled and explained some more

Most Expected and Most Recurring Spotting Error Questions

for various competitive and govt.job exams such as Bank PO,

SSC, NDA, CDS, MAT, CAT etc.

 

The format that I have followed in this series is -

 ‘Sample Incorrect Sentence’ written in RED, ‘explanation’ written

 in BLACK and finally the ‘correct sentence’ written in GREEN.    

 

Hopefully, you will not only like it but also find it useful for your

exam preparation and overall English improvement.

 

never stop learning.jpg

 

Here we go…           

 

1.   One of my friends did nothing but cursed his fate and family. 

 

Explanation When you say ‘nothing but’, it raises a question - nothing but what?

And reply of ‘what’ can only be a ‘Noun’.  

That is why you can use ‘nothing but’ before a noun, a bare infinitive or a Ving form to mean ‘only’.

 

Remember the rule -    

 

The preposition ‘But’ and ‘Except’ are followed by

the bare infinitive.

That is, V1 without ‘To’.

 

For Example -

 

1.All that ill-earned money brought nothing but sadness.

2.He did nothing but make us laugh.

3.She cares for nothing but gossiping.

 

Please note that

 

‘nothing but’ takes a singular verb after it irrespective

of a singular or plural noun.

 

For Example

 

1. Nothing but your fears stands (not stand) in your way of

achieving your goal.

2. Nothing but roses meets (not meet) the eye.

 

So,

 

The correct sentence will be -

 

1. One of my friends did nothing but curse his fate and family. 

 

never give up 4.png

 

Let’s see the next question…

 

2. What is wanted are books that can make us think.

 

Explanation –  

 

‘What is wanted’ may be a thing or things, but both of

them come under ‘what’ which is always considered ‘singular’. 

 

In this sentence, ‘what is wanted’ is the ‘subject’ and ‘books’

 is the ‘compliment’ of the verb ‘is’.

 

So,

 

‘What is wanted’ gives us the idea of one whole.

 

So,

 

it is a singular subject.

And the correct sentence will be  

 

2. What is wanted is books that can make us think.

 

Got it?

 

Now let’s see the next question…  

     

3. The boss has been saddened. The other team members

of the company refused to comment.        

puzzled 1.jpg

 

Explanation – You can always take a ‘common helping verb’

for two subjects, provided it applies to both the subjects correctly.

 

For example

 

1. The girl has talked and danced with me several times. (Correct)

 

Here, ‘has’ can be taken as a ‘common factor’ for the two verbs

 ‘talked’ and ‘danced’.

 

Why…

 

Because ‘has’ is followed by the ‘v3’, right?  

 

But in the above sentence, the helping verb ‘has been’ can only apply to ‘saddend’.

It cannot apply to the ‘other team members’, Can it?

 

Why…

 

Because it is a plural subject, right?

So, we have to put another suitable verb for ‘other team members’.        

One more thing, you have to notice in the above sentence.

 

The first part is written in the Passive Voice while the

second part is written in the Active Voice.

 

So,

 

You have to take the Active Voice Verb. here and

The suitable Active Voice Plural Verb here will be

 ‘Have’.

 

So, the correct sentence will be

 

3. The boss has been saddened. The other team members

of the company have refused to comment. 

 

getting job.jpg

 

Let’s see the next question…

 

4. My mother never has and never will allow me to do it. 

 

Explanation –

This sentence is somewhat similar to

the previous one. Isn’t it? 

 

But anyway,

Let’s discuss! 

 

The principal verb ‘allow’ here cannot be taken as a

‘Common Factor’ because ‘has’ takes v3, while ‘will’

takes v1, right?

 

Yes, it is true.

 

So, the correct sentence will be -

 

 4. My mother never has allowed and never will allow me to do it. 

 

Good questions, isn’t it?

 

NOW, LET'S SEE NEXT QUESTION…

 

5.  One of my hens lay five eggs yesterday.      

 

Explanation

When a hen produces an egg, it lays it. Ok!

 

In the given sentence, the key word is ‘yesterday’ which indicates

that the sentence is talking about an activity in the past tense.

 

Now ‘lay’ is a ‘verb’ and past form of lay is ‘laid’.

 

So,

the correct sentence will be -

5.  One of my hens laid five eggs yesterday.     

 

Now, it won’t be out of place to learn something more

about the other meanings of this extremely confusing word

 ‘lay’.

 

Why is it ‘confusing’ for the learners and students of the English language?

 

puzzled.jpg

 

Simply, because it can convey multiple meanings.

 

It is also confusing because it is mixed and confused with

the meaning of similar sounding words such as

Lie, Lain, Laid, Lied Etc.

 

Let’s learn the other meanings of the word ‘lay’.

 

1.Putting or fitting something somewhere.

The laying the carpet in the room.

 

2.Preparation before a meal

The laying of the table.

 

3.Setting down of ( ring of smoke or cloud)

Laying of a wreath.

 

4.Put something down gently and carefully

Laying the foundation for a building.

 

5. Prepare the base

The initial negotiations laid the groundwork for

more comprehensive talks later on.

 

Let’s learn more...

 

‘To lay odds’ means –

to be very sure about something or offer a bet.

 

1. I can lay odds that the main culprit is an insider.

 

‘Lay emphasis’ means - to put emphasis on something.

  

Let’s learn something more...

 

As a noun ‘lay’ also means -

The general appearance of an area of land.

1.The lay of the surrounding countryside in my village

in Kerala is beautiful.

 

‘To lay claim to something’ means -  

to say that you own something.

1.Two companies from Bangalore have laid claim to

 that innovative design.

 

Familiarize oneself with the lie of something means –

to familiarize oneself with the position and direction of something.

 

Let’s learn more...

 

‘Layman’ means -  

ordinary, common or untrained person who does not have

detailed or special knowledge of something.

 

1. To a lay audience, classical music is quite boring. 

 

Let’s see one more example sentence

1. From a lay viewpoint, the questionnaire is quite

difficult to understand.  

 

Please note that the correct form of lay is ‘laid’ and not ‘layed’. 

 

Let’s learn more...

 

Who is a ‘lay preacher’?

 

Well,

 

A preacher in a church who is not working full-time and

not paid either.

 

 

Some more Example sentences

 

1.She laid the baby girl in his tiny cot.

 

2.Why don’t you have your carpet laid by a professional.

 

3.She laid aside her book and went to attend the guest.

 

Let’s learn some more verbs which are often confused

with the verb ‘lay’.

 

student thinking.jpg

 

1. ‘Lie’( V1) means -  to rest on a supporting surface

The Present, Past and Past Participle forms are -

LIE      LAY      LAIN

 

2. Lie (V1) also means - to not tell the truth.

The Present, Past and Past participle forms are -

LIE      LIED      LIED

 

Let's see some example sentences

 

1. She lied to me on many occasions.

2. She lay on the sofa to read her favorite book.

 

Now, it is enough of lay, lie, lain, lied etc.

 

Let’s see the next question…

 

 

6. The English teacher intended to have punished him

yesterday for his repeated mistakes.  

 

Explanation –

‘to + have + v3’ is called ‘Perfect Infinitive’

in English grammar.

 

But what is the function of the ‘Perfect Infinitive’?

 

Well,

 

The ‘Perfect Infinitive’ is used to indicate

‘an arrangement that was made but not carried out

(= implemented)’.

 

For example -

1. He intended to punish him yesterday but his brother

intervened and asked me not to punish him.

(This sentence is correct.)

 

But…

 

in the above incorrect sentence, no clue is given regarding

the ‘not carrying out of a particular arrangement’ that was made but not carried out.

 

So,

Here, we can use the ‘Simple Infinitive’

That is ‘To+V1’.

 

So, the correct sentence will be -

 

6. The English teacher intended to punish him yesterday

for his repeated mistakes.

 

Got it?

 

Let’s see the next question…

 

7. Is your parents invited to the party?

 

Explanation

‘Parents’ means – ‘Mother’ and ‘Father’.

while ‘Parent’ means either one of the them, and not both of them.

Or, you can say that

‘Parents’ is plural; ‘parent’ is singular.

 

So the correct sentence will be -

 

7. Are your parents invited to the party?

 

Simple but tricky, right?

 

Now, let’s see the next question…

 

8.  It is him that I have been teaching English since 2014.

 

Explanation

As a pronoun, ‘Him’ is the ‘Objective Case’ of ‘He’, right?

 

But…

 

When we put a ‘Pronoun’ after is, am, are, or was, were, it not the ‘Object’ but the ‘compliment’ of these linking words.

 

Please note

 

That these ‘linking verbs’ such as is, am, are, was, were do not indicate any action. They simply indicate ‘being’ or ‘state of something’.

 

That is why

 

 A ‘Pronoun’ after is, am, are, or was, were is not written

in an ‘Objective Case’ but in the ‘Subjective Case’.

 

 

I, HE, SHE, YOU, WE, THEY -  are the subjective case pronouns.

ME, HER, HIM, THEM, US -  are the objective case pronouns.

 

     

Hence, 

8.  It is he that I have been teaching English since 2014.

           

Got it?              

Ok!

 

Now let’s see the next question…

 

9.  He is one of the employees who hardly ever comes late 

 

Explanation

The Relative Pronoun ‘Who’ here does not refer

 to ‘One’ but to ‘Employees’.

 

Since ‘employees’ as a subject is plural,

 

The verb that follows should be a plural verb.

 

So,

The correct sentence will be -

9.  He is one of the employees who hardly ever come late.

 

Quite conceptual, isn’t it?

 

Now let’s see the next tricky one…

 

10. During my vacation in Goa, he made me think of the

time went by. 

 

Explanation

‘Time’ is a noun and only an adjective can modify a ‘noun’.

‘Time gone by’ means -

 ‘Time that is over’.

 

‘Time went by’ means -  

‘time passed’

it does not qualify the noun ‘time’.

 

So, the correct sentence will be - 

10. During my vacation in Goa, he made me think of the

time gone by. 

 

thanks 1.jpg

 

     

 

Bank PO.png