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Difference between ‘Like’, ‘As’ and ‘Such as’ English grammar concepts asked in every govt job exams

By Basant Singhal|English Grammar Concepts | 03 Feb 2019

Difference between  ‘Like’, ‘As’ and ‘Such as’ Difference between  ‘Like’, ‘As’ and ‘Such as’

(English grammar concepts asked in every govt job exams) 

 

 

Hi Friends!

In this article, I will be discussing the most common, confusing and frequently asked English grammar concept.

 

It is the difference between ‘like’ ‘as’ and ‘such as’ and

how we can use them correctly in a variety of sentences.       

Let’s first see ‘Like’ and ‘as’

 

‘Like’ Means ‘Similar to’ or ‘the Same as’

 

Remember ‘like’ is a ‘Preposition’ and as a Preposition, it is followed by either a ‘Noun’ or a ‘Pronoun’ or a ‘Gerund’ (Verb+Noun).   

 

see the example sentences below

 

1. Your house is so beautiful. It is like a palace.

(Palace is a noun here.)

 

2. What does your brother do? He is a You tuber like you.

(You is a pronoun here.)

 

3. Mind your steps! The floor has just been polished.

It's like walking on ice.

(Walking is a gerund here.)

 

4. It is too hot. I hate weather like this.

(This is a pronoun here.)

 

You can also use ‘like’ in the following way.

Like Somebody/Something +  Doing Something

 

 

See the example sentence below

 

1. What is that noise? It sounds like a baby crying.

2. The floor is very smooth. It feels like walking on ice.  

 

Remember…

‘Like’ and ‘such as’ both can be used in place of ‘for example’.

 

1. Some sports, like cycling, can be a good exercise. 

1. Some sports, such as cycling, can be a good exercise.

 

But please note that…

There is a difference in implication.

Implication means what they imply or indicate.

 

Ok!

 

Now, Note the difference carefully.

 

‘Like’ is used when comparing persons or things that have

similar qualities, quantities or degree whereas ‘such as’ is

used when talking about specific persons or things.

 

Understood?

 

See the Examples below

1. Sophia likes furry animals like rabbits and hamsters.

 

This sentence implies that Sophia likes furry animals but

not necessarily rabbits and hamsters. She wants to say that

she likes furry animals similar to rabbits or hamsters and not

rabbits and hamsters themselves.

 

Understood?

 

Ok!

Now, let’s see one more sentences.

2. Ajay is intelligent like Satish.

 

Here, were are comparing Ajay with Satish and saying

that both of them are equally intelligent.

 

Understood?

 

‘Such as’ is used for mentioning specific things and not for

comparing things.

 

See the example sentence below

3. Fruits such as grapes, oranges, apples, and papayas

are rich in vitamin C.

 

Here, we are saying that all these specific

fruits (and not other fruits similar to these) are

rich in vitamin C.

 

Understood?

 

Ok!

 

 

Now, see one more example sentence below.

 

4. Animals, such as dog and horse, are highly faithful to their masters.

Here, we are saying that horse and dog are highly

faithful animals.

We are talking about horse and dog themselves

and not other animals similar to these.

 

 Ok!

 

Now, Let’s summarize ‘such as’ and ‘like’.

 

‘like’ is used when talking about indefinite or uncertain

similarities between things or persons or comparing things or persons while ‘such as’ is used to give specific examples

especially when the objects of comparision are definite or certain.

 

One more thing…

 

‘Like’ is used for exclusion; ‘such as’ is used for inclusion.

 

Now, let us learn the usage of ‘as’ and see how

it differs from ‘like’.

 

We use ‘as’ (and not ‘like’) before subject and verb.

 

See the correct sentences (in green) and incorrect sentences (in red) below.

1. She did not move anything. She left everything as she found it.

 1. She did not move anything. She left everything like she found it.

 

  2. My father did as he promised. Or he did what he promised.

  2. My father did like he promised.

 

Now, let do some comparing

 

3. You should have done it like him. (Like+ Pronoun)

3. You should have done it as I told. (As+Sub+Verb)

 

Please note that both the above sentences are correct.

 

We also say…

As I said, as you know, as he expected, as he thought, etc.

 

We use these ‘short phrases’ in the beginning of a sentence.

 

But what do these phrases mean anyway?

 

Well,

 

As I said means - I said it already.

As you know means - You know it already.

As he expected means - He expected it already.

As he thought means - He thought it already.

 

Ok!

 

Now let’s see some example sentences.

 

1. As we know, it is his birthday next week.

2. He failed his final exams, as he expected.

 

Let’s learn something more !!!

 

‘As usual’ and ‘as always’

are the commonly used ‘English phrases’ particularly in

spoken English.

 

These phrases mean that this happens almost always or usually.

See the example sentences below.

 

1. She is late as usual.   

 2. In his talk, he was boastful as always.

 

‘Regard’ is followed by ‘as’

 

1. I regard him as my elder brother.

 

You can use

‘as’ to replace ‘in the position of’ or ‘in the form of’

 

See the example sentences below

 

1. A few years ago, I worked as a marketing manager in Reliance.

2. We have got a garage but have not got a car so, we use

the garage as a workshop.

4. Delhi is all right as a place to visit but I would not like to live there.

5. The news of her success came as a pleasant surprise.

 

  Now, let us compare ‘as’ and ‘like’.

 

Ok!

 

1. Manish Sharma is the manager of a company. As the manager, he has to make many important decisions.

(He is the manager)

2. Ajay Sharma is the assistant manager. Like the manager, he also has

to make important decisions.

(He is not a manger but similar to the manager)

 

Let us see some more examples

1. During the war, this building was used as a hospital.

(It was used in the form of a hospital and was really a hospital.)

 2. Unfortunately, everyone is ill at home so, our house is like

a hospital.

 (It is similar to a hospital but not a hospital.)

 

‘as’ is also commonly used as a reason.

1. as I was tired, I did not go with him.

‘as’ is also used for indicating two actions at the same time.

2. I saw him as I was entering the mall.

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That's it in this article !! laugh

 

 

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