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Most Common Spotting Error Concept Questions Asked in Every GOVT JOB Exam - SERIES PART 1

By Basant Singhal|English SSC | English Grammar Concepts | 25 Dec 2018

 

Most Common Spotting Error Concept Questions Asked in Every GOVT. JOB Exam [SERIES PART 1] 

 

 

[Most Useful for Banking and SSC GOVT. JOB  Exams]

 

 

With Answers and Detailed Explanation

 

 

Hi Friends,

 

If you are a serious aspirant of any Govt.job exam such as Bank PO, SSC, NDA, CDS etc., you must practise these kinds of English spotting error questions which are based on some or the other concepts. I mean, grammatical concepts!

 

stdent not getting.jpg

 

In the English section, aspirants are tested on these concepts through a variety of sections such as Spotting Error, Sentence Fillers, Sentence Improvement etc.

 

never give up 4.png

 

In Banking Exams’ questions, aspirants are asked

to pick the correct or incorrect sentence(s) based on

 

these concepts. There may be various types of questions based on these concepts.

 

       

Friends!

 

in this article, I have explained these concepts in

a good detail using Correct and Incorrect Example Sentences.

 

 

Hopefully, you will enjoy reading it and learn lots of new things.

 

Friends!

 

If you practise questions based on these concepts, you

 

will not only boost your confidence in English section but

also score high in any competitive exam.     

       

 

Here we go...

 

 

Concept # 1 Questions Based on ‘Inversion’

 

Let’s first understand what ‘inversion’ is in English grammar. 

 

Well, when a sentence starts with any negative or a

semi-negative word or a negative word group, the subject and the verb are inverted.

 

it means...

 

that the verb is put before the subject and this is called

 

‘inversion’.

 

but ‘inversion’ also occurs in a few other situations

 

where a sentence starts with ‘certain other phrases’.

 

 

Don't worry!

 

 

I will also discuss these phrases in this article.

             

Negative Words are – Never, None, No etc.

Semi Negative Words are – Seldom, Hardly, Barely etc.

Negative Word Groups are – In No Time, Under No

Circumstances In No Way etc.      

 

never give up 1.jpg

 

Correct and Incorrect Example Sentences

 

Please note that incorrect sentences are written

 

in RED while correct sentences are written in GREEN. 

 

1. Under no circumstances, he will do such a disgraceful thing.

1. Under no circumstances, will he do such a disgraceful thing.

 

student in library.jpg

 

Explanation -    ‘under no circumstances’ as you can see is a negative word group so, in place of ‘he will’ we must write ‘will he’. Ok!

 

Let see the next question...    

 

2. Seldom I have seen such beautiful scenery.

2. Seldom have I seen such beautiful scenery.

 

puzzled.jpg

 

Explanation -   ‘Seldom’ is a semi-negative word. It means ‘not often’ or ‘almost never’ so, in place of ‘I have’ we must write

‘have I’. Ok!

 

 

Let see the next question...

 

 

3. Never she can commit such a silly mistake.

3. Never can she commit such a silly mistake.

 

student thinking.jpg

 

Explanation - Never means never. It is negative in the absolute sense   It means ‘at no time in the past or future’ or ‘not ever’ or ‘not once’ ‘or ‘at no occasion’ etc. So, in place of ‘she can’ write ‘can she’.

 

 

Let see the next question...

  

4. No sooner he had seen the dead body of his father than he burst into tears.

4. No sooner had he seen the dead body of his father then he burst into tears.

4. No sooner had he seen the dead body of his father than he burst into tears.

 

 

Think why the first sentence is wrong!

 

Think why the second one is wrong as well!

 

student thinking.jpg

Well,

 

‘No sooner’ is a negative word group and it is

followed by ‘than’, not by ‘then’.

 

Because it is a negative word, it must follow the ‘inversion rule’.

 

Hence,

 

no sooner had he (not he had) and we must write

‘than’ not by ‘then’. Understood?

 

How one remembers it?

 

See, ‘sooner’ is a comparative degree and as such, it is

 

followed by ‘than’ not by ‘then’, simple! Isn’t it?

 

 

Let see the next question...

  

 

5. Only by working hard, she got success she wanted.

5. Only by working hard, did she got success she wanted.

5. Only by working hard, did she get success she wanted.

 

helping.png

 

 

Why have I written the first two sentences in RED?

Because they are incorrect, right?

 

Now let’s us discuss why they are incorrect!

 

 

Well,

 

 

When a sentence starts with a certain phrase starting

se, the rule of inversion applies.

 

Such phrases are -

 

Only by, only then, only in this way, only yesterday, only the day before yesterday, only in a few cities, only after a year etc.

  

One more example -

 

6. Only the day before yesterday, he visited his ailing father.

6. Only the day before yesterday, did he visit his ailing father.

 

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Now, look at these example sentences -

 

Why the first two sentences are incorrect?

 

7. So beautifully she sang that everybody in the auditorium was impressed.

7. So beautifully did she sang that everybody in the auditorium was impressed.

7. So beautifully did she sing that everybody in the auditorium was impressed.

 

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Explanation - We also apply the ‘Rule of Inversion’ in the following cases.

 

So + Adverb of manner

To Such + Noun

 

Such phrases are -

So rudely, so politely, so calmly, so accurately, so well

To such an extent, to such a point, to such a degree      

 

See the following example sentence

 

8. So well he performed in the final round that everyone started shouting and clapping happily. 

8. So well did he perform in the final round that everyone started shouting and clapping happily.

 

9. To such an extent he tried to solve the problem that no problem was left.       

9. To such an extent did he try to solve the problem that no problem was left.       

 

See the classic one now…

 

10. Not only she danced beautifully but also sang melodiously.

10. Not only did she dance beautifully but she also sang melodiously.

 

Remember, not only is a negative phrase so when

we start the sentence with ‘not only’, we invert the subject

and the verb.

 

One more thing...

 

To add emphasis, we use ‘not only’ at the beginning.

 

Do we use ‘inversion’ in ‘Reported Speech’ also?

 

YES…

 

Generally speaking, we write the Reporting Part first and Reported Part later.

 

For example -

 

He said – “I am busy.”

‘He said’ is a ‘reporting part’ and ‘I am busy’ is a ‘reported part’

 

Ram said- “He is a student.”

‘Ram said’ is a ‘reporting part’ and ‘he is a student’ is a reported part.

 

But when we write these two parts inverting each other and mentioning some ‘Noun’ in the ‘Reporting Part’, we write it the following way.

 

“He is a student.”, said Ram.

But if there is a ‘Pronoun’, we write

“He is a student.”, he said.

 

See some more correct sentences below -

 

1. Under a tree was lying a tired old beggar.    

2. There goes Mary.

 

But

 

3. There she goes.

4. Round the corner went Alex.

 

 

But these kinds of sentences are generally used

in English literature and not asked in Govt.job exams.

 

Concept # 2 Questions based on Unfulfilled Wish and Desire

 

11.  If I was a bird I would fly freely in the sky.

11.  If I were a bird I would fly freely in the sky.

11.  Were I a bird I would fly freely in the sky?

 

12.  If he had done well in the final round, he will have been rewarded

 12.  If he had done well in the final round, he would have been rewarded

12. Had he done well in the final round, he will have been rewarded

 

Explanation – for the imaginary situations we always say

 

If I were, if he were, if she were, if they were etc.

 

Because in imaginary situations, there Singular and plural forms exist only in real life situations.is no singular and plural forms. 

 

And remember, if ‘IF’ is removed from these sentences,

'subject' and 'verb' are inverted.   

 

See some correct sentences below - 

If I were a ghost, I would scare people.

 

Or

 

 

Were I a ghost, I would scare people.

 

If he had been rich, he would have donated lots of money.

 

Or

 

Had he been rich, he would have donated lots of money.

        

That’s it in this article! [series part 1]

I will continue this series in other parts.

Bye for now!

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Basant Singhal

Call and WhatsApp – 9893719933

Basantsinghal2210@gmail.com

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'The Rule of Inversion' and 'The Concept of Adverb'  

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