Forest and wildlife Resources Class 10 Question answers
One Word/ 1 Mark Questions.
1. Name any four Normal species.
Ans. Cattle, Sal, Pine and Rodent
2. Name any four Endangered Species.
Ans. Black Buck, crocodile, Indian Ass, Indian Rhino
3. Name any four Vulnerable Species
Ans. Blue Sheep, Asiatic Elephant, Gangetic Dolphin.
4. Name any four Rare Species
Ans. Himalayan Brown Bear, Wild Asiatic Buffalo, desert Fox and Hornhill.
5. Name any four Endemic Species.
Ans. Andaman Teal, Nicobar Pigeon, Andaman Wild Pig, Mithun in Arunachal Pradesh.
6. Name any four Extinct Specles.
Ans. Asiatic Cheetah, Pink head, Duck
7. When and in which state was the program of Joint forest management first adopted?
Ans.In 1988, in Odisha the program of joint forest management was first adopted.
8. Which species of India’s flora and fauna are on the verge of extinction?
Ans. Among the animals, the cheetah, Pink Headed Duck, Mountain Quail, Forest Spotted Owl etc. And among the plants, wild variety of Mahua (Madhuca Insignies), a wild species of grass (Hepaneuron) is on the threatened list.
9. Which state has the largest are under permanent forests?
Ans. Madhya Pradesh
10. What is the share of India in the total number of species in the world?
Ans. 8 %
Three Marks Questions Forest and wildlife Resources Class 10
1.Write five major reasons for the depletion of forest cover.
(1) Deforestation for agricultural purposes.
(2) Shifting cultivation which is still practised in substantial parts of tribal belts.
(3) Large-scale development of river valley projects.
(4) Mining activities have also resulted in deforestation. For example, the tiger reserve in West Bengal is seriously threatened by the ongoing dolomite mining.
(5) Environmental pollution and forest fires have also led to depletion of forests.
2.Write three adverse impacts of dolomite mining in the Buxar Tiger Reserve on the ecosystem.
Answer- Adverse effects of dolomite mining in the Buxar Tiger Reserve:
(1) It has caused ecological damage.
(2) It has blocked the migration route of several species.
(3) It has disturbed the natural habitat of many species.
3.List six factors which have led to the decline in India’s biodiversity.
(1) Habitat destruction
(3) Environmental pollution
(4) Forest fires
(5) Hunting and Poaching
Five Marks Questions
1. How forests are useful to man?
- The wood that we get from the forests is important for building and construction purposes, for domestic furniture and for fuel.
- The raw materials for paper industry, match-making and sport materials are mainly derived from the forests.
- The sandal wood, gums, resins, turpentine oil etc. are extracted from the forest products.Besides the above products,the forests yield many other useful products such as herbs,lac, honey etc.
- Grass grown in forests is used for grazing the cattle, sheep, camel etc. To great extent, the shortage for fodder is also made up by these forests.
- They play a major role in enhancing the quality of environment. They modify local climate. They help in controlling soil erosion.
2. Explain how human activities have affected the depletion of flora.
- Humans have cleared the jungles for their own living and the livings of their animals’ as well as for the construction of their houses. Too much destruction of trees has disturbed the ecosystem and created various health problems for themselves.
- The agriculture expansion during the colonial rule and even after independence proved one of the major causes of the depletion of the flora and fauna.
- The great demand of sleeper for the expansion of railways and ship-building during the colonial rule also inflicted a great damage to the Indian forests.
- As a result of the removal of the original plant cover and its replacement by a single crop, the biological diversity has great damage to the Indian forests.
- As a result of the removal of the original plant cover and its replacement by a single crop, the biological diversity has been reduces and a single crop has become vulnerable to pests and diseases.
- The burning of fossil fuels in large quantity, automobile exhausts, gaseous effluents from factories have led to the pollution of air and water.